Lecture 13 - Why Are People Different?: Differences

author: Paul Bloom, Department of Psychology, Yale University
recorded by: Yale University
published: Oct. 7, 2009,   recorded: March 2007,   views: 10223
released under terms of: Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives (CC-BY-ND)

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Why are people different from one another? This lecture addresses this question by reviewing the latest theories and research in psychology on two traits in particular: personality and intelligence. Students will hear about how these traits are measured, why they may differ across individuals and groups, and whether they are influenced at all by one's genes, parents or environment.

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Reviews and comments:

Comment1 Jenifer, October 28, 2009 at 7:44 a.m.:

Thankyou but I can't see the screen.
Is there any presentation material of this lecture?

Comment2 Bob, November 9, 2009 at 8:15 a.m.:

Dear Jenifer. You are not serious about psychology are you?

Comment3 Steve, December 18, 2009 at 8:39 a.m.:

The issue about the role of parents in shaping a child is still very debated. More and more psychologists seem to be leaning in favor of the role of parents.

What needs more research in this debate, is what aspects of parents as human beings, make them so different to peers, that one or the other could have either a big influence or none at all ? Why should it be so much 'all or nothing' ? We are hard wired as social beings to thrive off positive social interactions - we are also more sensitive to negative social behaviors. This suggests all people we interact with more often as a child exert more influence over our development, but there is also the issue that a child's cognitive development is arrested when they are socially neglected as child, particularly from parents. Education is also a another factor, as children spend a lot of time with teachers. Child abuse is another major factor and we all know the serious long term trauma affects on people who were abused as children, particularly by those who they were expected to trust.

Social interaction are complex in humans and they all have an influence in our development as a child and the role of parents as a key consistent nurturer/provider/carer/coach/etc during a child's development can play a major influence. What about the studies where there has a clear absence of positive parenting in a child's development ? And what defines/measures a good outcome ? Being rich/ greedy/arrogant/cranky or kind/generous/middle income/healthy/happy ?

Some people say, 'well my parents smacked me a lot a I turned out OK' ! Well, did they really ?:)

Comment4 Davor form VideoLectures, December 15, 2017 at 6:30 p.m.:

Hi all!

We have translated this entire course for you from English into 11 languages.

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