KMV-Peer: A Robust and Adaptive Peer-Selection Algorithm

author: Yosi Mass, IBM Haifa Research Lab
published: Aug. 9, 2011,   recorded: February 2011,   views: 2813


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The problem of fully decentralized search over many collections is considered. The objective is to approximate the results of centralized search (namely, using a central index) while controlling the communication cost and involving only a small number of collections. The proposed solution is couched in a peer-to-peer (P2P) network, but can also be applied in other setups. Peers publish per-term summaries of their collections. Specifically, for each term, the range of document scores is divided into intervals; and for each interval, a KMV (K Minimal Values) synopsis of its documents is created. A new peer-selection algorithm uses the KMV synopses and two scoring functions in order to adaptively rank the peers, according to the relevance of their documents to a given query. The proposed method achieves high-quality results while meeting the above criteria of efficiency. In particular, experiments are done on two large, real-world datasets; one is blogs and the other is web data. These experiments show that the algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches and is robust over different collections, various scoring functions and multi-term queries.

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