Jacob Bakema and Croatian architectural scene: Team 10 ideas influencing the local modernist tradition

author: Karin Šerman, Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb
published: Dec. 1, 2015,   recorded: November 2015,   views: 1583


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The paper investigates the significance of Team 10 ideas, primarily those of Jacob Bakema, for the Croatian architectural scene, and locates their correspondence with the on-going local architectural and urban discourse and development. Jacob Bakema got acquainted with the Croatian architectural scene in 1956, primarily through his contact with the young Croatian architect Radovan Nikšić, who worked in the Rotterdam office of Bakema and Van den Broek from January to July 1956. Bakema’s own firsthand encounter with the Croatian architectural context happened that same year, on the occasion of the tenth CIAM congress held in Dubrovnik in August 1956. From that moment onwards, Team 10 ideas considerably influenced the local modernist tradition. Bakema himself steered that interest to a great deal: in 1965 he proposed the plan for the urban center of New Zagreb which he personally presented in Zagreb. He also delivered a series of lectures at the Zagreb Faculty of Architecture, presenting the production of his office and explicating contemporary Team 10 theories. His presence provoked enormous interest, resulting in the discussion with the local fellow professionals, which was subsequently published in the architectural journal Čovjek i prostor under the title “Bakema in Zagreb”. The other seminal Croatian journal, Arhitektura, issued a thematic edition dedicated to Bakema, titled “Architecture as the Instrument in the Process of Human Identification”, stressing his leading motto and ideas.

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