Alcohol addiction treatment

author: Darja Boben Bardutzky, Javni zavod psihiatrična bolnišnica Vojnik
published: Sept. 7, 2015,   recorded: May 2015,   views: 1268


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The method of treatment of alcohol addiction currently used in Slovenia can be seen as a result of rich experience and great efforts by a number of experts throughout almost fifty years. The method is based on the concept of addiction as a disease. The treatment can be presented as a sequence of phases. The preparation phase is followed by intensive treatment phase and then maintenance phase. We always try to find for each individual a suitable combination of pharmacological, psychological and social interventions, which are needed in different phases of addiction treatment. As far as pharmacological treatment is concerned, three groups of medicaments are used: medication for the withdrawal syndrome, for abstinence maintenance and for co-morbidity treatment. Psychotherapy in different modalities (psychodynamic, systemic, family, RT, CBT, TA …) and in different contexts (group, family, individual), sociotherapy, psychoeducation, occupational and other therapies are practiced as part of the treatment. Considering that addiction involves problems on the level of relationships, inclusion of the patients’ relatives is considered very important. Thereby, the role of the family members of the treated person changes from the role of the helper to the role of someone who needs help. Programs with a clearly defined structure are more effective as they enable managing compulsive behavior, existential emptiness, and anxiety. Combining intensive emotional support with some external control mechanisms provides the patients with the best possible opportunities to learn new ways of fulfilling their basic psychological needs without manipulations. There is evidence to support that the duration of rehab models should be three months, and that is approximately the right time for the brain to be “reset” and get rid of the direct influence of drugs. A longer period of time is needed to establish the automatization of new, different, more self-protecting and healthy ways of patient’s behavior.

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Reviews and comments:

Comment1 angelinal25, June 18, 2020 at 2:29 p.m.:

depression kills your thinking ability and Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is different from the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as a part of life so you are needy to anxiety disorder treatment

Comment2 Jesuis mamaman, August 23, 2021 at 8:43 a.m.:

You say that the role of family members are huge. And what if your family member is an alcoholic and is dragging you down? What if he rejects all your attempts to make him go to rehab?

Comment3 PutridCompote180, August 23, 2021 at 11:49 a.m.:

This is a very tough question. On one hand, alcoholism is a decease. So when he refrains from going to rehab, is just because he yet can't do it because he is sick. Another question is that many families split because of that as not many women are ready to sacrifice their lives to save someone with unknown result. I prefer going here and read about polyamorous relationship as I simply don't want to get this deep into life with someone when her alcoholism will matter to me that much that I would prefer to die muyself for the sake of her. Which means that if I see the early signs of a drinking problem, I will leave and that is my right!

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