"Space 4.0"

author: Johann-Dietrich Wörner, European Space Agency (ESA)
published: Feb. 17, 2017,   recorded: February 2017,   views: 4012

Related Open Educational Resources

Related content

Report a problem or upload files

If you have found a problem with this lecture or would like to send us extra material, articles, exercises, etc., please use our ticket system to describe your request and upload the data.
Enter your e-mail into the 'Cc' field, and we will keep you updated with your request's status.
Lecture popularity: You need to login to cast your vote.


Space technologies and applications are part of our everyday life. They are an indispensable tool for facing global challenges. For example, satellite images support our actions tackling climate change, they enable a smarter disaster management, they provide monitoring of the evolving environment of the Arctic. The European Space Agency is able to support its member states, their industry, scientific and research communities, national and regional authorities through its policies and programmes in order to allow them to reap the full benefits of a truly European programme, in which the pooling of know-how and resources permits the realisation of missions that are beyond the capabilities of any single State. ESA thereby brings the socio-economic benefits of space activities to the citizens of its Member States.

The first era of space, ‘Space 1.0’, can be considered to be the early study of astronomy (and even astrology). The next era, ‘Space 2.0’, came about with spacefaring nations engaging in a space race that led to the Apollo moonlandings. The third era, ‘Space 3.0’, with the conception of the International Space Station, showed that we understood and valued space as the next frontier for cooperation and exploitation.

Space 4.0 represents the evolution of the space sector into a new era, characterised by a new playing field. This era is unfolding through interaction between governments, private sector, society and politics. Space 4.0 is analogous to, and is intertwined with, Industry 4.0, which is considered as the unfolding fourth industrial revolution of manufacturing and services.

To meet the challenges and to proactively develop the different aspects of Space 4.0, the European space sector can become globally competitive only by fully integrating into European society and economy. This requires a sustainable space sector closely connected with the fabric of society and economy. For this to happen, space must be safe, secure and easily and readily accessible, and built on a foundation of excellence in science and technology – broadly and continuously over time.

Link this page

Would you like to put a link to this lecture on your homepage?
Go ahead! Copy the HTML snippet !

Reviews and comments:

Comment1 fmwhatsapp apk, March 27, 2020 at 6:37 p.m.:

Now avail internet calling, texting and also sending big size files to your contacts in one click here using fmwhatsapp apk -> https://fmwhatsappapk.xyz/

Comment2 newtonmiles26, October 26, 2020 at 11:45 a.m.:

Firehouse Survey Code on your receipt, then make sure to complete the Firehouselistens Survey and tell Firehouse Subs how they can improve. And, Upon completion, you have the chance to win $500 cash in Firehouse Subs’ rewards.

Comment3 bitanitemaler, March 6, 2021 at 5:48 a.m.:

I hope it will very helpful to complete the Jumprope Student Account Login at wwwjumprope. So let’s check out my friends.

Comment4 codeman, September 21, 2021 at 2:42 p.m.:

<p>What a great lecture, I learned a lot about outer space. Ever since I was a kid, I'm always fascinated by the stars, planets, asteroids, and other outer space things. Now that I'm adult, I bought a <a href="https://allthingsbackyard.com/what-can-you-see-with-a-70mm-telescope/">70mm telescope</a> for me to watch the stars at night.</p>

Comment5 codeman, September 21, 2021 at 2:43 p.m.:

What a great lecture, I learned a lot about outer space. Ever since I was a kid, I'm always fascinated by the stars, planets, asteroids, and other outer space things. Now that I'm adult, I bought a 70mm telescope for me to watch the stars at night.

Write your own review or comment:

make sure you have javascript enabled or clear this field: