The History of Forms in Judeo-Christian Sources and Tradition

author: Jože Krašovec, Faculty of Theology, University of Ljubljana
author: Matjaž Ambrožič, Faculty of Theology, University of Ljubljana
produced by: S.TV.A.d.o.o.
published: Sept. 23, 2011,   recorded: September 2011,   views: 3104

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The programme is included in the main divisions of the humanities and focuses on the standardization of fundamental theological concepts in terms of both diachronic and synchronic profiles. The quality of research has manifested itself in the publication of numerous scientific articles and monographs at home and abroad, as well as in a number of expert publications. One particular advance has been original publications on forms of biblical proper names with regard to the phonetic relationships among Semitic, Greek and Latin linguistic bases and transformation. The methodology is in line with the nature of research areas of Bible studies, Church history, systematic theology and literature.

Under the supervision of Jože Krašovec preparations for the commented new translation of the Bible have been in place for two years, and the main part of the work will be carried out during the next six years. Especially important is the awareness of the harmony between the original and the translation in terms of style, the structure of literary forms and the tradition in the text.

In the framework of European and world cultural history in general and in literature in particular there are certain structural types of this thematic that are found in folk and high literary traditions of the old Middle East, Old Greece, the old Far East and throughout all periods of European folk and high literature and other genres of arts. Some sources are of a religious nature and we find them in similar forms in the Bible, the Koran and in the broader Jewish, Christian as well as Islamic tradition, and others appear in world literature. For all of these types of literature there is a characteristic repetition of fundamental motifs in different variations, which itself shows the topicality and the importance of texts within various cultures. Researching these themes over the next years will aid the enriching of the field of Slovenian and European cultural as well as literary history; it will also help in making the Slovenian and interested foreign public acquainted with Slovenian cultural heritage, art and literature in the framework of the universal factors of European and world culture.

The recognized, felt and symbolic world of the Bible reflects the laws of human nature regarding experience, which determines the content of our culture and science. Our recognition of the world begins with the immediate awareness of our experience, and this consciousness is supplemented by the use of logical principles that are beyond the world of facts. The relations among facts express an absolute logical necessity. The importance of scientific research and human activity leads through the facts of nature and the condition of our sense, to the demands of logical necessity across the differentness of circumstances and language, which expresses the meaning of things. When we observe things we, as a rule, let them speak from their essence, from the background of the world as a whole and the necessity of the highest principles. Objective scientific judgements are internally linked with value judgements, which not only consider intuition and comprehension, but also will. We judge variegated nature of facts, circumstances and experiences from the standpoint of the three highest principles: rightness, rational inclination, and freedom. These highest principles are explicitly or indirectly expressed in all moral codices. The study of anthropology in the Bible, Judaism and in the broader world tradition will allow for a deeper understanding of the rich tradition from which western culture arose and developed.

The research programme groups cover the most important fields of theological study, and as such also set the foundations for educating specialized theological workers and educating broader circles of citizens in the framework of the specialized education programme of the Faculty of Theology, scientific and popular publications as well as public appearances, especially in the media. Especially worth mentioning is the inclusion of church history into the cultural and tourist promotion of our country, which has an immediate economic effect as well.

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