Efficient Inference in Fully Connected CRFs with Gaussian Edge Potentials

author: Philipp Krähenbühl, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley
published: Jan. 25, 2012,   recorded: December 2011,   views: 9058


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Most state-of-the-art techniques for multi-class image segmentation and labeling use conditional random fields defined over pixels or image regions. While region-level models often feature dense pairwise connectivity, pixel-level models are considerably larger and have only permitted sparse graph structures. In this paper, we consider fully connected CRF models defined on the complete set of pixels in an image. The resulting graphs have billions of edges, making traditional inference algorithms impractical. Our main contribution is a highly efficient approximate inference algorithm for fully connected CRF models in which the pairwise edge potentials are defined by linear combinations of Gaussian kernels. Our algorithm can approximately minimize fully connected models on tens of thousands of variables in a fraction of a second. Quantitative and qualitative results on the MSRC-21 and PASCAL VOC 2010 datasets demonstrate that full pairwise connectivity at the pixel level produces significantly more accurate segmentations and pixel-level label assignments.

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