Inference in Ising models

author: Bhaswar B. Bhattacharya, Department of Statistics, Stanford University
published: March 7, 2016,   recorded: December 2015,   views: 1474


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The Ising spin glass is a one-parameter exponential family model for binary data with quadratic sufficient statistic. In this paper, we show that given a single realization from this model, the maximum pseudolikelihood estimate (MPLE) of the natural parameter is √aN-consistent at a point whenever the log-partition function has order aN in a neighborhood of that point. This gives consistency rates of the MPLE for ferromagnetic Ising models on general weighted graphs in all regimes, extending the results of Chatterjee (2007) where only √N-consistency of the MPLE was shown. It is also shown that consistent testing, and hence estimation, is impossible in the high temperature phase in ferromagnetic Ising models on a converging sequence of weighted graphs, which include the Curie-Weiss model. In this regime, the sufficient statistic is distributed as a weighted sum of independent χ21 random variables, and the asymptotic power of the most powerful test is determined. We also illustrate applications of our results on synthetic and real-world network data.

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