Robotic Agents for Disaster Response Robotics

author: Daniele Nardi, Sapienza University of Rome
published: Nov. 15, 2010,   recorded: May 2010,   views: 3202


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Disaster Response Robotics is a challenging domain, where the need for intelligent robotic agents (as opposed to just robots) is motivated both by technical considerations and in a practical application perspective. In emergency scenarios time is critical. Hence, there is a great demand for tools that improve the effectiveness of operations. Although there are specific actions that can be accomplished by a robot, such as for example bomb disposal, a key goal of disaster response robots is to acquire knowledge about the scenario. In fact, a robot can gather data in places that would be either dangerous or inaccessible to the human operator. This often means that the robot is typically not under the visual control of the operator, and sometimes also not connected by a communication link. Consequently, teleoperation can be difficult, if not impossible, and the need arises for intelligent and autonomous capabilities. Moreover, the use of multiple robots naturally stands as a possible breakthrough, given also that disaster scenarios are typically spatially distributed. New challenges hence come up in terms of autonomy, cooperation and collective behaviors. In the first part of the talk, I briefly overview the state of the art in the field of disaster response robotics, in order to support the above sketched analysis. In the second part of the talk, I present some of the research we developed at Sapienza Univ. of Rome, also in collaboration with the Italian Firemen Department. Specifically, I describe some results in Distributed Situation Assessment, Action Planning and Monitoring, Context-based Design of intelligent robotic agents, Multi-robot Teams for disaster response robotics, and Performance Evaluation Metrics for intelligent robotic agents. Throughout the discussion, I focus on several open challenges that need to be addressed to provide effective solutions for Disaster Response Robotics.

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