Extending the Notion of AT-Models for Integer Homology Computation

author: Pedro Real, University of Seville
published: July 12, 2007,   recorded: June 2007,   views: 3435

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When the ground ring is a field, the notion of algebraic topological model (AT-model) is a useful tool for computing (co)homology, representative (co)cycles of (co)homology generators and the cup product on cohomology of nD digital images as well as for controlling topological information when the image suffers local changes. In this paper, we formalize the notion of lambda-AT-model (lambda being an integer) which extends the one of AT-model and allows the computation of homological information in the integer domain without computing the Smith Normal Form of the boundary matrices. We present an algorithm for computing such a model, obtaining Betti numbers, the prime numbers p involved in the invariant factors (corresponding to the torsion subgroup of the homology), the amount of invariant factors that are a power of p and a set of representative cycles of the generators of homology mod p, for such p.

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