A Probabilistic Approach for Integrating Heterogeneous Knowledge Sources

author: Arnab Dutta, Research Group Data and Web Science, School of Business Informatics and Mathematics, University of Mannheim
published: July 30, 2014,   recorded: May 2014,   views: 1955


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Open Information Extraction (OIE) systems like Nell and ReVerb have achieved impressive results by harvesting massive amounts of machine-readable knowledge with minimal supervision. However, the knowledge bases they produce still lack a clean, explicit semantic data model. This, on the other hand, could be provided by full- edged semantic networks like DBpedia or Yago, which, in turn, could benefi t from the additional coverage provided by Web-scale IE. In this paper, we bring these two strains of research together, and present a method to align terms from Nell with instances in DBpedia. Our approach is unsupervised in nature and relies on two key components. First, we automatically acquire probabilistic type information for Nell terms given a set of matching hypotheses. Second, we view the mapping task as the statistical inference problem of finding the most likely coherent mapping i.e., the maximum a posteriori (MAP) mapping based on the outcome of the fi rst component used as soft constraint. These two steps are highly intertwined: accordingly, we propose an approach that iteratively re fines type acquisition based on the output of the mapping generator, and vice versa. Experimental results on gold-standard data indicate that our approach outperforms a strong baseline, and is able to produce ever-improving mappings consistently across iterations

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