A Unified Framework for Multi-Target Tracking and Collective Activity Recognition

author: Wongun Choi, University of Michigan
chairman: Michael J. Black, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Max Planck Institute
chairman: Ivan Laptev, INRIA - The French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control
published: Nov. 12, 2012,   recorded: October 2012,   views: 7033


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We present a coherent, discriminative framework for simultaneously tracking multiple people and estimating their collective activities. Instead of treating the two problems separately, our model is grounded in the intuition that a strong correlation exists between a person's motion, their activity, and the motion and activities of other nearby people. Instead of directly linking the solutions to these two problems, we introduce a hierarchy of activity types that creates a natural progression that leads from a specific person's motion to the activity of the group as a whole. Our model is capable of jointly tracking multiple people, recognizing individual activities (atomic activities), the interactions between pairs of people (interaction activities), and finally the behavior of groups of people (collective activities). We also propose an algorithm for solving this otherwise intractable joint inference problem by combining belief propagation with a version of the branch and bound algorithm equipped with integer programming. Experimental results on challenging video datasets demonstrate our theoretical claims and indicate that our model achieves the best collective activity classification results to date.

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