On the Quantum Complexity of Classical Words

author: Markus Müller, Institute for Mathematics, TU Berlin
published: Nov. 30, 2007,   recorded: October 2007,   views: 151

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We show that classical and quantum Kolmogorov complexity of binary words agree up to an additive constant.Both complexities are defined as the minimal length of any (classical resp. quantum) computer program that outputsthe corresponding word.It follows that quantum complexity is an extension of classical complexity to the domain of quantum states. This is true even if we allow a small probabilistic error in the quantum computer's output. We outline a mathematical proof of this statement, based on some analytical estimates and a classical programfor the simulation of a universal quantum computer.

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