Socioeconomic Networks with Long-range Interactions

author: Rui Carvalho, Center for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London
published: Nov. 27, 2007,   recorded: October 2007,   views: 98
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Description

In well networked communities, information is often shared informally among an individual's direct and indirect acquaintances. Here we study a model previously proposed by Jackson and Wolinsky to account for communicating information and allocating goods in socioeconomic networks. The model defines a utility function of node i which is a weighted sum of contributions from all nodes accessible from i. First, we show that scale-free networks are more efficient than Poisson networks for the range of average degree typically found in real world networks. We then study an evolving network mechanism where new nodes attach to existing ones preferentially by utility. We found the presence of three regimes: scale-free (rich-get-richer), fit-get-rich, and Poisson degree distribution. The fit-get-rich regime is characterized by a decrease in average path length.

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