Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

author: Benyah Shaparenko, Cornell University
published: Oct. 20, 2009,   recorded: September 2009,   views: 2908

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One major goal of text mining is to provide automatic methods to help humans grasp the key ideas in ever-increasing text corpora. To this effect, we propose a statistically well-founded method for identifying the original ideas that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research publications, blogs, email, and news articles. Our statistical model of passage impact defines (interesting) original content through a combination of impact and novelty, and the model is used to identify each document’s most original passages. Unlike heuristic approaches, the statistical model is extensible and open to analysis. We evaluate the approach both on synthetic data and on real data in the domains of research publications and news, showing that the passage impact model outperforms a heuristic baseline method.

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