On Structured Output Training: Hard Cases and an Efficient Alternative

author: Thomas Gartner, Fraunhofer IAIS
published: Oct. 20, 2009,   recorded: September 2009,   views: 2854


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We consider a class of structured prediction problems for which the assumptions made by state-of-the-art algorithms fail. To deal with exponentially sized output sets, these algorithms assume, for instance, that the best output for a given input can be found efficiently. While this holds for many important real world problems, there are also many relevant and seemingly simple problems where these assumptions do not hold. In this paper, we consider route prediction, which is the problem of finding a cyclic permutation of some points of interest, as an example and show that state-of-the-art approaches cannot guarantee polynomial runtime for this output set. We then present a novel formulation of the learning problem that can be trained efficiently whenever a particular ’super-structure counting’ problem can be solved efficiently for the output set. We also list several output sets for which this assumption holds and report experimental results.

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