Simulation Experiments: Emerging Instruments for CIP
published: Nov. 22, 2007, recorded: October 2007, views: 2542
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Critical infrastructures (CIs) have undergone drastic changes in the last decades. The ubiquitous use of ICT has pervaded all traditional infrastructures, rendering them more intelligent, increasingly interconnected, complex, interdependent, and therefore more vulnerable. Critical infrastructures are vital backbones of modern societies and our society is fully dependent on them. Besides the traditional threats like natural disasters, man made disasters and terrorist attacks the complexity of the system of interdependent infrastructures has to be considered as an additional threat. The increasing IT-penetration leads to interdependencies and feedbacks which make more and more difficult to distinguish cause and effect. That means, critical infrastructures have to be designed as fault-tolerant systems. Redundancy and selfhealing are approved design principles. But such design principles cause increasing costs, and the private sector complying with the rules of shareholder value has to prevent costs. On the other hand security of critical infrastructures has a high societal importance. That means new business models and security technologies have to be introduced that fulfil the interests of the private enterprises and the state. In addition novel security technologies like Modelling and Simulation (M&S) have to be developed and used in order to protect critical infrastructures as well as to train people responsible for safety and security.
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