Escaping From Saddle Points --- Online Stochastic Gradient for Tensor Decomposition
published: Aug. 20, 2015, recorded: July 2015, views: 3495
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We analyze stochastic gradient descent for optimizing non-convex functions. For non-convex functions often it is good to find a reasonable local minimum, and the main concern is that gradient updates are trapped in saddle points. In this paper we identify strict saddle property for non-convex problem that allows for efficient optimization, and show that stochastic gradient descent converges to a local minimum in a polynomial number of iterations. To the best of our knowledge this is the first work that gives global convergence guarantees for stochastic gradient descent on non-convex functions with exponentially many local minima and saddle points. Our analysis can be applied to orthogonal tensor decomposition, which is widely used in learning a rich class of latent variable models. We propose a new optimization formulation for the tensor decomposition problem that has strict saddle property. As a result we get the first online algorithm for orthogonal tensor decomposition with convergence guarantee.
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