Randomized techniques for parameterized algorithms

author: Dániel Marx, Computer and Automation research institute, Hungarian Academy of Science
published: Oct. 2, 2012,   recorded: September 2012,   views: 3528


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Since the introduction of the Color Coding technique in 1994 by Alon, Yuster, and Zwick, randomization has been part of the toolkit for proving fixed-parameter tractability results. It seems that randomization is very well suited to parameterized algorithms: if the task is to find a solution of size k and only those random choices need to be correct that are directly related to the solution, then typically we can bound the error probability by a function of k. The talk will overview through various concrete examples how randomization appears in fixed-parameter tractability results. We argue that in many cases randomization appears in form of a reduction: it allows us to reduce the problem we are trying to solve to an easier and more structured problem.

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