A Fast Construction of the Distance Graph Used for the Classification

author: Miroslaw Kalinowski, The Graduate Center, City University New York
published: July 12, 2007,   recorded: June 2007,   views: 3004


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It has been demonstrated that the diffcult problem of classifying heterogeneous projection images, similar to those found in 3D electron microscopy (3D-EM) of macromolecules, can be successfully solved by finding an approximate Max k-Cut of an appropriately constructed weighted graph. Despite of the large size (thousands of nodes) of the graph and the theoretical computational complexity of finding even an approximate Max k-Cut, an algorithm has been proposed that finds a good (from the classification perspective) approximate solution within several minutes (running on a standard PC). However, the task of constructing the complete weighted graph (that represents an instance of the projection image classification problems) is computationally expensive. Due to the large number of edges, the computation of edge weights can take tens of hours for graphs containing several thousand nodes. We propose a method, which utilizes an early termination technique, to significantly reduce the computational cost of constructing such graphs. We compare, on synthetic data sets that resemble projection sets encountered in 3D-EM, the performance of our method with that of a brute-force approach and a method based on nearest neighbor search.

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