Match Selection and Refinement for Highly Accurate Two-View Structure from Motion

author: Zhe Liu, École des Ponts ParisTech, MINES ParisTech
published: Oct. 29, 2014,   recorded: September 2014,   views: 2679


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We present an approach to enhance the accuracy of structure from motion (SfM) in the two-view case. We first answer the question: “fewer data with higher accuracy, or more data with less accuracy?” For this, we establish a relation between SfM errors and a function of the number of matches and their epipolar errors. Using an accuracy estimator of individual matches, we then propose a method to select a subset of matches that has a good quality vs. quantity compromise. We also propose a variant of least squares matching to refine match locations based on a focused grid and a multi-scale exploration. Experiments show that both selection and refinement contribute independently to a better accuracy. Their combination reduces errors by a factor of 1.1 to 2.0 for rotation, and 1.6 to 3.8 for translation.

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